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ane pfungwa dzakadzika
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Zihni Derin (akaberekwa 1880, Muğla - zuva rekufa Nyamavhuvhu 25, 1965, Ankara), weTurkey geologist, mudzidzisi. Of the kurimwa muTurkey kwakakonzera mharuro uye kupararira; Inozivikanwa se "baba wetii".


Iye akazvarwa Mugla muna 1880. Baba vake ndiMehmet Ali Bey, nhengo yebhuku yaLezğulları mhuri yaMuğla. Muğla High Chikoro muna 1897, Tesaloniki Yezvekurima Chikoro muna 1900, 1904 Halkalı Akapedza Chikoro chekurima. Muna 1905, akatanga kushanda semushandi wehurumende nebasa reAydın Province Sango uye Maminerari Ekuongorora Muchengeti.

Hupenyu hwehunyanzvi

Akave Sango Muongorori muna 1907 mushure mekushandira seSpecial Inspector Clerk muRhodes (sekuzivikanwa kwake seAlgeria-i Bahr-i Sefid Province) Masango Anongorori Kanzura, Gediz neSimav.

Akashanda semudzidzisi wemakemikari, wekurima zvekurima uye mudzidzisi weGeology paTesaroniki Chikoro chekurima kubva 1909 kusvika 1912 Akaroora Maide Hanim muThessaloniki muna 1911; akange aine vana vatatu kubva muwanano iyi.

Akashanda semudzidzisi muBursa pakati pa1914 kusvika 1920 uye akashanda seMutevedzeri woMukuru weBursa National Education.

Kupinda muHondo Yenyika

Akasiya Bursa nguva pfupi isati yapinda nyika yechiGerman muna 1920, akaenda kuAkara; Akave wekutanga General Director wezvekurima muUpfumi hwehupfumi, akagadzwa neNational St Fightle Government; Akaramba ari pachinzvimbo ichi kusvika 1924.

Maitiro ekutanga etii

Muna Kubvumbi 1921, akatora chikamu mu Ankara semumiriri we Ministry of Economy mukomisheni yakaipindwa nevamiriri vehushumiri kuzokurukura matambudziko emunyika neezvemagariro. Mushure meRussia Rumutsiridzo, nekuvharwa kwemuganhu weBatumi, akapihwa basa rekuferefeta kuti aumbe mabasa matsva muEast Black Sea, uko kushaikwa kwemabasa uye nematambudziko ekuchengetedza akawedzera. Halkalı Akaverenga rondedzero yakanyorwa naAli Rıza Bey, mumwe wevadzidzisi veChikoro cheKurima chekurima, semhedzisiro yebvunzo yake muBatumi muna 1917. Mumushumo, zvakataurwa pamwe nezvikonzero zvekuti zvinokwanisika kukura tii kutenderera Rize. Zihni Derin akaverenga huropi hweuropi hwaAli Rıza kukomisheni iri muRize, zvakasarudzika kumisikidza nazuru kuti itange kunyorera.

Zihni Bey, uyo akatumirwa kuRize muna 1923 kuti agadzire tiyi neecitrus kiriniki, akatanga kushanda panzvimbo gumi neshanu paGaral Hill, inova muhomwe yefuma. Akaona kuti mbesa dzetehwe dzakaunzwa nevamwe vanofarira kubva kuBatumi uye vakadzidyara semiti yekushongedza mudunhu iyi yakakura chaizvo; Muna 15, akashanyira Batumi uye akaongorora magadheni etii, fekitori yetii uye Astropical Plants Research Station yakatangwa nemaRussia. Yakauya nembeu yetii uye masipiresi akauya neayo, michero yemichero uye mimwe michero mhando, bamboo rhizomes kuharare. Akagumisa kuti mamiriro ekunze uye madunhu edunhu akakodzera kurima tei Akaedza kuunza mabanana kubva kunaBatumi uye kuti aagovane neruzhinji, asi chekutanga ichi kuedza, icho chisina kugamuchira kutarisirwa kwakakwana, chakundikana.

Zihni Derin, akadzokera pachinzvimbo chake muAkazara, akagadzirira gwaro rekutonga pamusoro penyaya uye bhiri rakapihwa rutsigiro rweRize Deputy yenguva iyoyo munaFebruary 6, 1924 uye akave makumi mana. Mutemo, Rize Province uye Borcka Crash; Hazelnut, Orange, Lemon, Tangerine, Tea Mutemo wakatanga kushanda pasi pezita reCultivation.

Dzokera kudzidziso

Nekuda kwekushomeka kwemutemo wakamiswa uye nekushaikwa kwezivo kwevanhu venzvimbo iyi nezvekurimwa kwetii, Zihni Bey akadzoka pabasa rekudzidzisa apo mabasa ekurima tiyi akanonoka. Akadzidzisa kuzvikoro zvakasiyana siyana muIstanbul. Akaenderera mberi nekudzidzisa muA Ankara kubva 1930.

Tea sangano

Mushure mekurimwa kwetii kusvika pachirongwa zvakare munyika, akagadzwa kuve Second General Inspector wezvekurima wezvekurima muTurace muna 1936 uye Chief Advisory weGurukota rezvekurima muna 1937.

Kune Yekurima Organisation, iyo ichamiswa muRize nenzvimbo dzayo muna 1938, zita remurongi weti rakashanda zvakawandisa kuparadzira tii yekugadzira. Mushure mekubva pamudyandigere nekuda kwekukura kwemakore muna1945, akaramba achishanda semurongi mu Ministry of Agriculture.

Akave mutevedzeri akazvimirira muRize musarudzo dza1950; asi vakatadza kupinda muparamende.

Rufu

Zihni Derin, akadanwa semuenzi wekuremekedza mhemberero dze "makumi mana dzeTii" dzakaitirwa muRize muna 27 mushure mekusangana kweMay 1960, 1964, akafa musi wa40 Nyamavhuvhu 25 muA Ankara.

Basa rake rakanzi rakakodzera TÜBİTAK Service Award muna 1969.



Iva wekutanga kutaura

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